Following these Dietary Guidelines help people to stay healthy and strong, maintain a healthy weight, and reduce their risk of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and osteoporosis. This Dietary Guidelines outline the types of food to eat as a foundation every day, and the types of foods to limit or avoid. The “plate” design gives guidance on the proportion of different foods to eat. This Dietary Guidelines focus on the quality of food choices, with some guidance on quantity (i.e.number of fruit and vegetables per day; legumes daily; fish two times a week).Making a diversity of high quality food choices is a cornerstone to healthy eating.
What This Guideline about.
The guidelines emphasize plant-based foods; (vegetables, fruit, whole grain cereals, legumes, nuts and seeds); as decades of research have shown the health benefits of Healthy Eating plant-based foods. Benefits include a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and some cancers. Meat, fish and poultry also contribute to a healthy diet, when eaten in smaller amounts. To avoid problems associated with too much refined carbohydrate; it is important to recognize that whole (less refined) foods are emphasized for example; choosing whole grains such as whole wheat flour; jareesh, whole wheat pasta or oatmeal, rather than refined cerealssuch as bread, rice and regular pasta food.
Focus on healthy eating and physical activity every day.
Focusing on healthy eating and physical activity every day; instead of looking to “diets” for health and weight loss is healthier, more enjoyable, and is likely to last longer.
Specific details on each food group and each section including benefits and consumer “tips” can be found within this infographic. For more information, see also sections called “More About…” on food labels, fish, and calcium rich alternatives to milk and dairy products.
These guidelines are designed for the healthy population. People requiring special diets may need to meet with a Dietitian or other health professional for more guidance.